Ahmad ibn fadlan ibn alabbas ibn rasid ibn hammad arabisk. Ibn fadlan was employed by the abbasid caliph in baghdad when he was accused of an illicit love affair that would ruin his reputation and his career. In his rihla travel narrative, ibn fadlan, who in the tenth century, accompanied a mission from the caliph almuktadir to the volga bulgars, describes his experiences and the people and places he visited. A viking burial described by arab writer ahmad ibn fadlan by thornews on may 12, 2012 7. More than a millennium ago, as fleets of viking raiders were striking fear into the hearts of coast and riverdwellers throughout western europe, other norsemen of more mercantile inclination were making their way east. Ahmad ibn fadlan lived near the city of baghdad in what is now iraq during the early 900s. Ahmad ibn fadlan ibn alabbas ibn raschid ibn hammad arabisch. During the course of his journey, ibn fadlan met a people called the rus, acting as traders in the bulgar capital. Met oghuz turks, considered their muslim customs crude. His chronicle called risala includes detailed information and.
Includes an old norse translation of the lo there do i see my father prayer, made famous by the dramatization of these events. A viking burial described by arab writer ahmad ibn fadlan. His account is most known for providing a description of the volga vikings, including an eyewitness account of a ship burial. First were embassies, then the teaching of islam, trade, and finally curiosity, or seeking adventure. A tenthcentury traveler from baghad to the volga river ibn fadlan, ahmad on.
There is an unavoidable degree of overlap between these two articles. Ahmad ibn fadlan pdf the remarkable account of ibn fadlan. He agreed to leave town on a mission to open diplomacy with the bulgars, as a way of getting out of the public eye, and out of possible scandal. A look at the rus funeral witnessed by ahmad ibn fadlan in ad 922. Ahmad ibn alabbas ibn rashid ibn hammad ibn fadlan a. A tenthcentury traveler from baghad to the volga river.
At one time, i was a poet in the greatest city in the world. A theologian in the court of the abbasid caliph almuqtadir fl. Ahmad ibn fadlan was described as an arab in contemporaneous sources. Pdf ibn fadlan s journey to russia a tenth century. The rus appear as traders who set up shop on the river banks nearby the bolgar camp. Ahmad ibn fadlan chronicled the voyage of an embassy sent from baghdad by the caliph almuqtadir to the capital of a finnougric khanate located on the upper reaches of the volga, a locale that had recently converted to islam. Perception of the vikings from ibn fadlans glance in al. This risala is of great value as a history, although it is clear in some places that inaccuracies and ibn fadlan s own. Research ahmad ibn fadlan explorers and discoverers. Frye add that nothing can be said with certainty about his origin, his ethnicity, his education, or even the dates of his birth and death. This is a book of ahmad ibn fadlan ibn al abbas ibn rashid ibn hammad, a servant 1 of muhammad ibn sulaiman, the. Perception of the vikings from ibn fadlan s glance in alrisala ahmad ibn fadlan met with vikings in volga bulgaria. Frye early travelers from the lands of islam may be divided into four categories, some overlapping.
Ahmad ibn fadlan ibn alabbas ibn rashid ibn hammad was a 10 th century muslim arab writer and traveller who led an embassy to the king of the volga bulgars. Over the course of his journey, he encountered a number of turkic peoples, as well another group that left a strong impression on him. So the arab traveller ahmad ibn fadlan recorded his meeting more than 1,000 years ago with a strange race he called the. Home culture a viking burial described by arab writer ahmad ibn fadlan. For the 10 th century holy man and jurist ahmad ibn fadlan, the violent, orgiastic, drunken spectacle put on by mourning vikings in bulgaria must have been shocking in ibn fadlan s muslim tradition, loved ones cleaned the deceased persons body, said prayers over him, placed him in a shroud and buried him in a relatively shallow grave the same day he died the grave was shallow so the. Ahmad ibn fadlan chronicled the voyage of an embassy sent from baghdad by the caliph almuqtadir to the capital of a finnougric khanate located on the upper reaches of the volga, a. Written by judith gabriel photographed by eirik irgens johnsen. In that, his account contrasts with that of the persian traveler ibn rustahwhose impressions of the rus were more favourable. Ibn fadlan and other visitors to the west from islamic lands richard n. A substantial cut of ibn fadlan s account is dedicated to the description of a people he called the rus or rusiyyah. Before he arrives, he meets with buliwyf, a powerful viking chieftain who is summoned by his besieged relatives to the north.
Ibn fadlans reisebericht pdf ibn fadlan s reisebericht. Ibn fadlan wrote an account of his journeys with the embassy, called a risala. Although not an arab himself, ibn fadlan was an islamic scholar, and he served the caliph the islamic ruler of the city, which was a center of commercial and religious importance. Ahmad ibn fadlan, journey to russia 920ce by ahmad ibn fadlan, a record of his experience on his journey to russia to deliver a letter from the slavic king to the assabid caliph on how to correctly preform and instruct islamic faith. Most scholars identify them with the rus or varangians, which would make ibn fadlan s account one of the earliest portrayals of vikings. Ibn fadlan and the land of darkness pdf siddiqui 1 ibn fadlan and the land of darkness. Ibn fadlan and other visitors to the west from islamic lands.
Ibn fadlan s journey to russia a tenth century traveler from baghad to the volga river by ahmad ibn. History 101final exam primary sources flashcards quizlet. Ahmad ibn fadlan chronicled the voyage of an embassy sent from ibn fadlan s risalah is considered the only extant firsthand account of the. His chronicle called risala includes detailed information and observation. Not sure if someone wants to merge this information with the main page or let this second page contain the spillover. Preceding unsigned comment added by trixi72 talk contribs 12. Each man has an axe, a sword, and a knife and keeps each by him at all times. It was such trading raiders from the rus that ibn fadlan met along the volga in 922. But the most important eyewitness account of the rus is of ahmed ibn fadlan, a writer about whom little is. But the most important eyewitness account of the rus is of ahmed ibn fadlan, a writer about whom little is known, ahmad ibn fadlan pdf the remarkable account of ibn fadlan. Ibn fadlan and the rusiyyah university of new mexico. Arab travellers in the far north a short essay ahmed ibn fadlan was an arab traveller from baghdad, menu. Ahmad ibn fadlan ibn alabas ibn rasid ibn hamad arabe. His chronicle called risala includes detailed information and observations about them.
This is a book of ahmad ibnfadlan ibn alabbas ibn rashid ibn hammad, a servant 1 of muhammad ibn sulaiman, the ambassador 2 of almuktadir to the malik of kipchaks where he tells what he saw in the country of the turks, khazars, ruses, kipchaks, bashkir and other peoples, the distinctions of their faiths, history of their maliks, status of many of their affairs a. Pdf mission to the volga download full pdf book download. Pdf ibn fadlan ein gesandter des kalifen im hohen norden. Ahmad ibn fadlan honour sam mustafa publishing llc. Ibn fadlan has been described as a keen observer and good narrator, and the risala contains valuable ethnographic accounts of early europe. Ahmad ibn fadlan met with the vikings in volga bulgaria. The 10th century chronicle of the violent, orgiastic. Ahmad ibn fadlan quotes showing 11 of 1 ibn fadlan ibn fadlan and the land of darkness arab travellers in the far north translated with an introduction by paul lunde and caroline stone. The travels of ibn fadlan muslim heritagemuslim heritage. In 922, ibn fadlan recorded sacrifices and mortuary customs among the rus. Nothing is known about ibn fadlan other than what can be inferred from his risala.601 464 260 1247 264 777 1074 1050 869 676 548 1247 3 42 477 489 605 1 708 1303 462 1648 480 1394 1078 1255 1364 817 1410 507 164 69 1264